Monday, November 14, 2011

8 interesting facts about photography

The father of photography, initially dubbed as the "blueprint."
Niépce was the first photographs exposing metal plates sunlight. Thus the procedure used called blueprint, from the Greek helios ("sun") and spelling ("writing" or "drawing"). The final name of photography we owe to Sir John FW Herschel, who coined the term in 1839.

The first book illustrated with photographs was titled Pencil of Nature ("The Pencil of Nature"). It was published in London between 1844 and 1846 in six deliveries. Its author, Henry Fox Talbot, announced in its pages "the beginning of a new art" and showed their potential applications in science and technology.

The forensic photography was born in 1866, founded by Scotsman Allan Pinkerton. Pinkerton, who after moving to the States became the first detective in Chicago, was implemented to recognize the picture criminal offenders, who would later be called discipline judicial photography and is now known as forensic photography. Its aim is to show that detail that escapes inspection.

"You press the button, we do the rest" was the slogan which went on sale the first camera "popular". It was a very camera manageable, marketed by the Eastman Kodak Company, which was sold in 1888 reel loaded with 100 photos, and ready for use. Once used the house was sent to Kodak, which drew the reel, revealed the photos and returned with the camera again charged. With his arrival to the market the use of photography spread throughout the population.

The children show a natural talent as a photographer. That was the conclusion of a 2002 study by the University of Birmingham, UK. The researchers also found that the motif chosen by the "child photographer" evolves with age. Thus, children of four years photographing choose emotional elements, as their parents, or visually stimulating images with bright colors. After eleven years, a tendency to take pictures of open space and natural looking elements "aesthetically pleasing". And when they reach adolescence, the photograph becomes a social activity that helps them interact with friends.

The first photosensitive agent used was the asphalt. This natural tar, known since antiquity, was originally obtained Dead Sea area, where it emerges continually from the bottom. In the nineteenth century began to draw also from bituminous rocks. Traditionally used to embalm Egyptian mummies , for caulking boats or to make leveling in Babylon. And Joseph Niépce found that among its many properties was also sensitive to light. Indeed, the bitumen hardens and whitens to receive light, but requires many hours of exposure. So the first picture of the story had to stay in the sun for 8 hours.

Robert Capa was the most famous war photographer of the twentieth century. At the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War he moved to our country becoming a direct witness of the war from the Republican side. One of his photographs, "The fallen soldier" (also known as "Falling Soldier"), became an icon of the struggle became world famous. Layer It managed to pick the precise moment that the militiaman Federico Borrell died in Cerro Muriano, in front of Cordoba on September 5, 1936, shot by a sniper.

See the picture of the loved one reduces pain. Exploring brains of 15 volunteers using magnetic resonance, Arthur Aron, a psychology professor at the University of New York, has shown that the brain areas activated when viewing the picture of your partner can reduce pain by up to 44% as paracetamol does.


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