Friday, November 11, 2011

The robot Curiosity will be the next search field researcher living areas on Mars

The rover Curiosity, which will house the mobile laboratory complex far sent to Mars, is ready to start next November 25 with a mission to investigate whether there are environmental conditions for life to exist on Mars, reported by the NASA .

With nearly a ton of weight carried on board Curiosity Mars Science Laboratory (MSL, for its acronym in English), consisting of a dozen analytical tools to examine the soil, rocks and atmosphere of Mars.

"Preparations are underway to launch at the earliest opportunity," said Pete Thisinger , MSL project manager, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena (California).

However, he remembered that if there were any weather or unforeseen setback, have with time until December 18 .

Is expected in the first stage of the mission Curiosity landing on the Red Planet in August 2012 to examine the crater Gale for about two years.

Your task is to investigate whether there are or ever have been given the environmental conditions favorable for microbial life exists and whether any evidence is preserved.

The part of the crater where it will land "has a fluvial fan probably formed by sediments carried by water, "said John Grotzinger, MSL project scientist at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

They also believe that the layers of the base of the mountain containing clay and sulfate, both materials formed with water.

"Gale gives us an excellent opportunity to analyze several potentially habitable environments and context to understand a long record of the early evolution of Earth's environment," said Grotzinger.

A difficult and dangerous mission

Curiosity is twice as long and five times heavier than its predecessors, Spirit and Opportunity and will be more scientific capacity robot vehicles that NASA has sent.

NASA believes that it is a difficult and risky mission, and that because it's too heavy to land with a parachute s use a new method of landing.

First off from the structure that protects it travels as a shell, then the platform is exposed to light some engines will slow down the vehicle and with ropes by a species of crane.

NASA plans to launch the vehicle from Cape Canaveral (Florida) between November 25 and December 18, 2011 and will travel 200 million miles before landing in the Martian soil.


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